Fish provides an affordable source of protein and essential nutrients for many poor people globally. As demand for fish grows, and now the limits to wild catches are being reached, it is aquaculture that must fill the gap.
Fisheries managers and policy makers have traditionally focused on measuring the health of fish stocks and managing for their sustainability. While understanding how healthy fish stocks is important, a recent paper by Jim Anderson and colleagues offer a new suite of measurements that also consider the social and economic benefits that fisheries deliver. Including these dimensions in assessments of fishery performance will be key to making the most of our fisheries.