More than 1.4 million women are engaged in Bangladesh’s aquaculture sector. Yet they work mostly in low-status, low-paid and arduous jobs. For instance, 80 percent of casual laborers in shrimp-processing factories are women. In contrast, women make up less than 1 percent of managers in these factories.
A recent paper stating that farmed shrimp has a ‘jumbo’ carbon footprint is an overestimate, say WorldFish and partner researchers, largely because it fails to account for the greatly reduced competition between shrimp farms and mangrove forests as well as an increased recognition of the value of mangroves.
In Myanmar, fish is an important food in the diet, with an annual average national intake of 21 kilograms per capita. An increasing demand for fish has boosted aquaculture, which has grown rapidly in the last 20 years. However, there are geographical disparities in fish supply and consumption, with a low consumption of 8.5 kilograms per capita per year in distant, hilly and mountainous regions.