In Myanmar, fish is an important food in the diet, with an annual average national intake of 21 kilograms per capita. An increasing demand for fish has boosted aquaculture, which has grown rapidly in the last 20 years. However, there are geographical disparities in fish supply and consumption, with a low consumption of 8.5 kilograms per capita per year in distant, hilly and mountainous regions.
Despite the fact that Myanmar is one of the world’s top 10 fish-producing nations, women are often afforded less access to productive assets and training than their male counterparts. Increasingly, government and development agencies are taking action to close this gender gap as part of efforts to support and drive growth in the sector.
Farmed fish is playing an ever larger role in Asian diets, contributing to diversification away from the main staple food, rice. But what are the implications of such changes for nutrition, health and livelihoods?