Poor nutrition during the first most critical 1,000 days of a child’s life—from conception through pregnancy and lactation to the child’s second birthday—can result in permanent developmental problems. The Demographic and Health Surveys conducted in Malawi (2015-2016) and Zambia (2013-2014) show that 37 percent and 40 percent respectively of children under five years of age suffer from stunting, which results from chronic malnutrition.
In Myanmar, fish is an important food in the diet, with an annual average national intake of 21 kilograms per capita. An increasing demand for fish has boosted aquaculture, which has grown rapidly in the last 20 years. However, there are geographical disparities in fish supply and consumption, with a low consumption of 8.5 kilograms per capita per year in distant, hilly and mountainous regions.
I’m in Siem Reap Province, Cambodia, home to the UNESCO World Heritage centre Angkor Wat, where a global workshop on nutrition-sensitive fish agri-food systems is just finishing.