In 2018, people around the globe are rallying around the International Women’s Day themes of ‘Pressing for Progress’ and ‘The time is now: Rural and urban activists transforming women’s lives’. But what do these calls mean for and in fisheries and aquaculture?
Angela Muyangana feeding the daughter of a local farmer, Barotse Floodplain, Zambia. Photo by Clayton Smith.
Poor nutrition during the first most critical 1,000 days of a child’s life—from conception through pregnancy and lactation to the child’s second birthday—can result in permanent developmental problems. The Demographic and Health Surveys conducted in Malawi (2015-2016) and Zambia (2013-2014) show that 37 percent and 40 percent respectively of children under five years of age suffer from stunting, which results from chronic malnutrition.
More than 1.4 million women are engaged in Bangladesh’s aquaculture sector. Yet they work mostly in low-status, low-paid and arduous jobs. For instance, 80 percent of casual laborers in shrimp-processing factories are women. In contrast, women make up less than 1 percent of managers in these factories.