With most of its population residing in coastal areas and within the mega Delta of the Ayeyarwady River, Myanmar depends on its fisheries as a critical source of food, employment, and revenue.
As aquaculture assumes greater significance as a means to meet global food and nutrition demands, concerns about its environmental impacts are on the rise. Modeling key fish supply and aquaculture systems for biophysical resource use is a vital step for estimating environmental footprints and was the focus of a WorldFish study in Myanmar.
In Myanmar, fish is an important food in the diet, with an annual average national intake of 21 kilograms per capita. An increasing demand for fish has boosted aquaculture, which has grown rapidly in the last 20 years. However, there are geographical disparities in fish supply and consumption, with a low consumption of 8.5 kilograms per capita per year in distant, hilly and mountainous regions.